Well, I experienced the same issue, It wouldn't login to my Microsoft account from the desktop application no matter how many times I tried. So, I tried to open it from the web application from onenote, created a new note and clicked on the option called 'Open in Desktop App' then it automatically logged in on my desktop application.
I kept having this issue and couldn't get around it for ages. In the end what I decided to do is set up a microsoft account using my zmail (or whatever email you're using), go to onedrive and set it up for that email. Then connect the service in one note and it should allow you to create a workbook for that onedrive. 781b155fdc